♦ The Star Guider ♦
What is it? It's the star design above, displaying symbols for the three principal United Nations
Human Rights documents and the vital need to publicize their text. They are the triangle and dot of the UN Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the box and dot of the UN Covenant On Civil and Political Rights, the diagonal cross of the UN Covenant on Economic Social and Cultural Rights, and the combined box, dot and cross for both Covenants, shown in the corners and centre.
How does it display these? The Universal Declaration Of Human Rights is represented at
the base, by the purple triangle with a dot in the centre. It gave rise to the two Covenants. Kindly please note arrows indicating this connection from the Universal Declaration of human Rights on the Star Guider. There are five kinds of human rights in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. They are split into the two Covenants which empower the Universal Decaration of Human Rights which has only non-binding idealistic Articles as worthy objectives for us all to aim for.
Why does it display these? The two Covenants, however, are binding and promised to be
in force on the specific ratification day, for each ratifying nation, such as New Zealand. The five varieties of human rights are split into the Civil and Political Rights Covenant and the Economic, Social and Cultural Rights Covenant. The authority for their text's publicity is the United Nations Charter Article 56 pledge, by United Nations member states, such as New Zealand. They take joint and separate action in co-operation with the United Nations organisation to promote universal respect for, and observance of, human rights and fundamental freedoms for all without distinction as to race, sex, language or religion, as specified in Article 55(c).
When did we ratify these Covenants? New Zealand ratified the Covenants on 28
December 1978, after first signing them in principle, as worthy to pursue, on 12 November 1968. In United Nations presentations, the Civil and Political Covenant follows the Economic Social And Cultural Covenant. Nevertheless, in presenting the Covenants, to show how the Universal Declaration's Article's link to them, the Covenant on Civil and Political Rights is put first, since civil and political rights articles come first in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. However, the Economic Social and Cultural Rights Covenant was the first to enter into force, on 3 January 1976, hence the United Nations document section's order of presentation. The Civil and Political Covenant likewise entered into force on 23 March 1976. This primarily follows their order in the 16 December 1966 General Assembly Resolution 21 2200, Part A 1. That ranking was governed by the Covenant on Economic Social and Cultural Rights being dependent on a nation's full economic resources, as stated in its Article 2:1, but not for the Civil and Political Covenant, which, furthermore, has additional Optional Protocols following it. UN Human Rights documents increase in their detail for compliance. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights is first, as an idealistc guide, onwards to specific terms of compliance in the Covenant's with optional protocols in ICCPR and finally to conventions on human rights, such as the Rights of the Child Convention with optional protocols too.
Who decided that wide publicity was vital? Publicity of the two United Nations
Human Rights Covenants was seen as vital by the United Nations General Assembly. Part B 1. of the General Assembly's 16 December 1966 Resolution 21 2200, is for the widest publicity to given to the text of the two Covenants, by Government and non-government agencies, while Part A is for the adoption of the two Covenants and their opening for ratification and accession by member nations.
Where else is this publicity vital? This was also done for the Universal Declaration of
Human Rights, in Part D of the 10 December 1948, General Assembly Resolution 3 217, which is The International Bill Of Human Rights. Part D is headed Publicity to Be given To The Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Part A is the actual Declaration. Click http://www.un-documents.net/a3r217d.htm
Which need the most publicity ? We therefore see that widespread publicity was
expected for both the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the two empowering Covenants. The Universal Declaration, was declared and the two Covenants entered into force, in good faith by New Zealand, with good intentions for solemnly publicising them and respectfully upholding them. We certainly should still see these three main instruments of Human Rights publicised and respected widely. They're all as vital now and more so, as on the day they were resolved to be either declared or entered into force, by the United Nations General Assembly, in it's third and twenty first sessions respectively.
__________________________________________________________________________ Publicity of The Two UN Human Rights Covenants
Publicity of The Two UN Human Rights Covenants
Google A RES 21 2200 or Click http://www.un-documents.net/a21r2200.htm
see part B 1 for publicity text.
Governments of United Nations States and Non-Governmental Organisations are to publicize the text of the two United Nations Covenants of Human Rights as widely as possible, using every means at their disposal, including all the appropriate media of information.
B 1. "Requests the Governments of States and non-governmental organizations to publicize the text of these instruments as widely as possible, using every means at their disposal, including all the appropriate media of information;"
UDHR = United Nations, Universal Declaration of Human Rights
ICCPR = United Nations, International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
ICESCR = United Nations, International Covenant on Economic Social and Cultural Rights
UDHR http://www.unhchr.ch/udhr/lang/eng.htm Triangle
ICCPR http://www2.ohchr.org/english/law/ccpr.htm Square
ICESCR http://www2.ohchr.org/english/law/cescr.htm Diagonal Cross
A RES 21 2200 see B 1.
16 December 1966
Requests the Govern-
ments of States and
anizations to publicize
the text of these *
* instruments as wide-
ly as possible, using
every means at their......
disposal, including all the appropriate media of information.